What is a Puppy Farm?

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Read this information brochure to compare the different types of dog breeders in Australia.

One of the most commonly asked questions we receive is what is a puppy farm?

Puppy farms (also known as puppy mills or puppy factories) have become one of the hot topics in the dog world and pose a major welfare issue for dogs in Australia.  The RSPCA has defined a puppy farm as ‘an intensive dog breeding facility that is operated under inadequate conditions that fail to meet the dogs’ behavioural, social and/or physiological needs’.


puppy farm

Puppy Farms are illegal in Victoria. This photo demonstrates some of the disgusting and cruel living conditions for Puppy Farm/Puppy Mill/Puppy Factory dogs and puppies.

Dogs in puppy farms are often kept in extreme confinement in small cages, very little if any grooming and parasite control so will often be infested with intestinal worms and fleas and the dogs are given very little if any veterinary care.  Their living conditions are usually unhygienic and over crowded.  As a result of these appalling conditions, dogs and puppies from puppy farms suffer long term health and behavioural problems.

Unfortunately the term “puppy farm” or “puppy factory” has been so misused in recent times that it has lead to many people in the wider community to become confused about what really is a puppy farm.   There is no legal definition of a “puppy farm” so while most people understand it to mean somewhere that dogs are bred in poor conditions like those we see on the news, some others have the more extreme view that it’s simply anyone who breed dogs.   

Thankfully Victoria has the strongest laws and penalties against this barbaric and illegal business.  Penalties include massive fines and the banning of owning pets or running a domestic animal business for up to 10 years. 

We are proud to say that Victoria has the strongest laws against puppy farms in the world.  However, we believe that in order to tackle the puppy farm problem in Australia it’s not good enough to just find and prosecute puppy farmers but to also support registered ethical breeders to ensure that the community have access to happy, well bred dogs to become part of their families.    

Choose a Professional Dog Breeder

Why choose a Professional Dog Breeder?

Cavoodle Puppy

Wherever you and your family decide to purchase your puppy from it is vital you choose an experienced dog breeder.  Breeds like Cavoodles, Groodles, Beagliers, Poochons and Spoodles are probably the most popular small family breeds in Australia due to their easy care, fantastic temperaments and of course because they are just so cute!  Unfortunately due to their popularity we’ve seen puppy farms and backyard breeders who see a quick buck to be made now breeding these breeds as well.  Although puppies from backyards and puppy farms may seem cheap, puppies that come from such places will often have serious health and behavioural issues leading to very expensive veterinary bills and a lot of heartache for their owners.  Puppy farmers and backyard breeders don’t health screen their dogs and will breed any dog regardless of the outcome. 

We practice Optimal Breeding Practices ensuring that each puppy  is temperamentally, physically, and genetically sound and, therefore  more likely to become a better fit with your  lifestyle.  Learn more

A good dog breeder should be experienced, have a quality, and well run kennel facility that undergoes regular inspections at the very least by their local authority (i.e. local council officers) to ensure they are abiding by what is in Victoria, the strictest laws and codes for dog breeding anywhere in the world.  Check out our kennel “Hepburn Park Puppies” to see the type of high standards we have for our dogs.

Chevromist Kennels is a registered Domestic Animal Business that undergoes regular audits and inspections by Animal Welfare of Victoria as well as the local authority.  Our kennels are approved by the Victorian Agricultural Minister. In order to receive approval from the Victorian Minister we had to undergo a very lengthy process including a 6 hour audit conducted by 4 Victorian Animal Welfare Officers and the Chief Veterinary Officer of Victoria before the Agricultural Minister of Victoria considers granting approval. This process is necessary to ensure that Victorian Minister Approved Kennels are operating at the very highest of Animal Welfare standards.  Learn more about the different types of Dog Breeders Registered in Australia

A good dog breeder should also have a formal education in Animal Science and/or Animal Genetics to properly understand how to breed dogs with the desired traits one is breeding for i.e. low to non-shedding coat, health and temperament.  Michael Attard is always our first point of contact when planning a new litter of Cavoodles, Spoodles, Groodles, Beagliers, Poochons, Puggles or Pugaliers at Hepburn Park (our kennel).  Michael has been involved in dog breeding all his life. He completed his degree in Animal Science with a focus on genetics, then went on to complete his Honours work in immunology through Melbourne University’s Dept of Medicine and the CSIRO Australian Animal Health Laboratory. While we are very fortunate to have Michael part of our team, as well as very experienced veterinarians to consult with, all professional dog breeders should have a professional formally educated in animal genetics to consult with when planning a new litter of puppies to ensure the correct Sire and Dam are selected for each litter.   

All Chevromist Kennel Puppies leave;

  • Vaccinated
  • Wormed
  • Microchipped
  • Vet Health Checked
  • Health Guaranteed
  • Before and after sales advice
  • DNA Health Cleared for over 30 different Genetic Diseases


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